Prevalence of diverticulosis and incidence of bowel perforation after kidney transplantation in patients with polycystic kidney disease.
Dominguez Fernandez E. Albrecht KH. Heemann U. Kohnle M. Erhard J. Stoblen F. Eigler FW.
Department of General Surgery, University Medical School Essen, Germany.
Sigmoid perforation due to diverticulitis is a life-threatening complication in the postoperative course of allogenic kidney transplantation. The incidence of diverticulosis is especially high among patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). Thus, those who undergo allogenic kidney transplantation represent a high-risk group. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of diverticulosis in ADPKD patients awaiting renal transplantation and the incidence of bowel perforation following allogenic kidney transplantation due to ADPKD. Within the group of 1128 patients who underwent transplantation between January 1974 and January 1990, there were 46 patients (4.07%) whose indication for transplantation was ADPKD. There was one patient who developed a sigmoid perforation under postoperative immunosuppression. Surgical treatment was a discontinuity resection of the sigmoid (Hartmann's procedure). The postoperative course was favorable, the bowel continuity has already been restored, and the graft is still functioning well. Fifteen of the 28 (53.5%) ADPKD patients awaiting transplantation had colon diverticulosis (12 male and 3 female patients). No case of bowel perforation has thus far been observed in 15 of these patients who have undergone transplantation. A sigmoid resection was necessary in one patient due to diverticulitis without perforation. We did not find a higher prevalence of diverticulosis in patients with ADPKD, nor did we see a higher incidence of sigmoid perforation during post-transplant immunosuppression in this study.
Hilar biliary cysts in hepatic transplantation. Report of three symptomatic cases and occurrence in resected liver grafts.
Colina F. Castellano VM. Gonzalez-Pinto I. Garcia I. Novo O. Garcia-Hidalgo E. Garcia-Munoz H. Moreno E.
Department of Pathology, University Hospital 12 de Octubre, Complutense University, Madrid, Spain.
Hilar cysts are infrequent post-transplant biliary tract complications. Thirteen cases were discovered among 493 consecutive liver transplants (2.6%). Three (0.60%) were symptomatic (obstructive jaundice) while the other ten were found by systematically searching in the hilum in a series of 129 consecutive, resected grafts at retransplantation or autopsy (n = 54). Two types of cysts were detected: in eight grafts (1.6%), these were blind unilocular cavities with viscid mucous content, located adjacent to the biliary tract anastomoses. These had been inadvertently created as a result of the sequestered remnant cystic duct after cholecystectomies and biliary tract reconstructions, where a double-barreled common duct and long cystic duct had been present in the donor liver. These mucoceles ranged from 0.5 to 5.5 cm in diameter (median 1.7 cm). The three symptomatic cases were diagnosed by imaging techniques 3.5 years after transplantation; however, this type of cyst was found as early as the 2nd month post-transplantation when detected in lost liver grafts. Five livers (1%), lost between 5 months and 2.8 years post-transplantation, showed cystically dilated peribiliary glands, sometimes with multilocular, and occasionally multiple, cavities ranging from 0.5 to 2 cm in diameter (median 0.8 cm). This type of cyst was asymptomatic and located adjacent to the left, right, or common hepatic ducts. Threads were found near four cysts, suggesting that surgical injury may have been responsible for obstructing the neck of the glands. With the increasing number of long-term survivors of liver transplantation, unless preventive surgical methods are implemented, the number of symptomatic cysts of these origins can be expected to grow. Transplantation teams should, therefore, be aware of these potential causes of biliary tract complications.