Treatment of an esophagorespiratory fistula by insertion of an esophageal Montgomery and tracheal dynamic stent after failure of conventional endoprosthesis.
Alexiou C. Neuhaus H. Kau RJ. Hauck R. Classen M.
Second Medical Clinic, Technical University, Munich, Germany.
Esophagorespiratory fistulae at the adult age can develop through malignant tumor growth, endoscopy, bougienage, laser therapy, or through a radiochemotherapy. We report a female patient with inoperable bronchial cancer, who developed a symptomatic esophagorespiratory fistula during radiochemotherapy with cisplatin. At first, conventional plastic tubes and then novel selfexpanding silicone-coated Gianturco-Song stents were used in an unsuccessful attempt to close the fistula. After the extraction of two Gianturco-Song stents, the insertion of a Montgomery-Salivary bypass stent in the esophagus and a dynamic stent in the trachea resulted in a permanent occlusion of the fistula. This case demonstrates that Montgomery-Salivary bypass stents do not tend to migrate due to their characteristic shape and self-fixation, and that the novel self-expanding, silicone coated Gianturco-Song stents can be extracted with rigid endoscopy if necessary.