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Life Sci

Quantitative analysis of alpha-fetoprotein mRNA in circulating peripheral blood of patients with hepatocellular and alpha-fetoprotein-producing gastric carcinomas.

Year 1998
Funaki NO. Tanaka J. Imamura M.
Department of Surgery, Shiga Medical Center for Adults, Moriyama City, Japan.
In conjunction with strategies introduced in recent years to identify cancer micrometastasis through amplification of cancer-associated mRNA, we developed a highly sensitive system to detect alpha-fetoprotein mRNA in circulating peripheral blood of hepatocellular carcinoma patients. The aim of the present study was to make our original system quantitative. Peripheral venous blood from patients with hepatocellular carcinoma and alpha-fetoprotein-producing gastric carcinoma was subjected to reverse transcription followed by our original three-step polymerase chain reaction co-amplifying both the original sequence and our synthetic competitor. We succeeded in modifying our system for quantitative analysis, and investigated the perioperative change, the postoperative change and the change after chemotherapy in order to illustrate the possible application of this method. The quantitative analysis of alpha-fetoprotein mRNA present in the peripheral blood represents a useful tool for analyzing the relationship of surgery to recurrence, the effect of chemotherapy, and to predict impending recurrence in patients with hepatocellular and alpha-fetoprotein-producing gastric carcinomas.

Expression of the messenger RNA for gonadotropin-releasing hormone and its receptor in human cancer cell lines.

Year 1998
Yin H. Cheng KW. Hwa HL. Peng C. Auersperg N. Leung PC.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
The presence of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) binding sites in biopsy samples of human epithelial ovarian cancer and ovarian tumor cell lines as well as the demonstration of the inhibitory effects of GnRH analogues on the growth of these cells raised the possibility that GnRH is produced locally by ovarian cancer cells. In order to investigate an autocrine/paracrine regulatory mechanism in human carcinomas, we have studied the expression of GnRH and GnRHR mRNA in human ovarian epithelial cell lines (OVCAR-3 and SKOV-3), human choriocarcinoma cell line (JEG-3) and human hepatocarcinoma cell line (HepG 2). Using primers corresponding to published human GnRH and GnRHR cDNA sequences, predicted PCR products were obtained from these cell lines by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and confirmed by Southern hybridization. Sequencing analysis of GnRH PCR products showed that their sequences have 100% identity to the published human GnRH cDNA sequence. These results indicated that GnRH and GnRHR genes are expressed in all the cell lines tested in the present study, and strengthen the concept that GnRH may act as an autocrine regulator on the growth of cancer cells.

Источник: https://gastroportal.ru/science-articles-of-world-periodical-eng/life-sci.html
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