Voice disorders in patients with suspected laryngo-pharyngeal reflux disease.
Ross JA. Noordzji JP. Woo P.
Department of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology, New England Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts 02111, USA.
Many symptoms have been recognized in association with laryngo-pharyngeal reflux disease (LPRD), but reports of perceptual voice disorders in this condition have been lacking to date. Forty-nine patients with suspected LPRD were studied for five specific perceptual voice characteristics, and these characteristics were compared to the same characteristics in individuals who had never seen an Otolaryngologist for a voice disorder or throat problem (controls). Sixteen of the suspected LPRD patients also underwent 24-hour pH probe studies. All patients with suspected LPRD had significantly increased abnormal perceptual voice characteristics (musculoskeletal tension, hard glottal attack, glottal fry, restricted tone placement, and hoarseness) compared to the controls. Statistical objective differences between the two groups was demonstrated by the presence of increased shimmer in patients with suspected LPRD compared to controls. The differential diagnosis between functional voice disorders and LPRD may be complex, and perceptual parameters may overlap. Interdisciplinary evaluation is advocated.
Reflux and vocal disorders in singers with bulimia.
Department of Otolaryngology, SONY Vocal Health Center, New York University Medical Center, New York 10016, USA.
Dysphonia associated with bulimia has been described in the literature associated with vocal fold edema and polypoid changes. Laryngopharyngeat reflux (LPR) has been documented to cause reflux vocal fold pathology including edema and polypoid changes. We studied eight singers with bulimia and documented vocal fold pathology, including edema, posterior commissure hypertrophy, ventricular obliteration, and telangiectasia. Reflux was demonstrated in all eight. The results of this study showed that LPR may be a contributing factor to vocal disorders in singers with bulimia.
Candida laryngitis appearing as leukoplakia and GERD.
Forrest LA. Weed H.
The Ohio State University, Department of Otolaryngology, The Ohio State University Voice Center, USA.
The symptoms and physical findings of reflux laryngopharyngitis are characteristic, but the mucosal alterations evident in the larynx are not exclusive to reflux. When conventional reflux management produces an equivocal response, other etiologic factors such as mycotic laryngitis, need consideration. The differential diagnosis of dysphonia in an immunocompromised patient always includes mycotic infections, but mycotic laryngitis can also occur in the immunocompetent host. Laryngeal candidiasis can produce physical findings, such as erythema and leukoplakia, that are similar to reflux laryngopharyngitis. Predisposing factors include previous radiation therapy, antibiotic therapy, corticosteroids, and any alteration in the mucosal barrier. Diagnosis is established by mucosal biopsy with special staining of the tissue to identify the characteristic hyphae. Treatment of mycoses can be difficult and long-term therapy is often required.