Histologic evaluation of preventive measures for scald injury on the peritoneo-serosal surface due to intraoperative hyperthermic chemoperfusion for patients with gastric cancer and peritoneal metastasis.
Fujimoto S. Takahashi M. Kobayashi K. Mutou T. Toyosawa T. Izawa E. Numai T. Kondoh F. Ohkubo H.
Social Insurance Funabashi Central Hospital, Japan.
To histologically assess the preventive efficacy of cimetidine against scald injury on the peritoneo-serosal surface during intraperitoneal hyperthermic chemoperfusion (IHCP) for advanced gastric cancer, a randomized histologic study using cimetidine, a histamine H2-receptor antagonist, was performed for 20 patients with advanced or recurrent gastric cancer and peritoneal metastasis. Cimetidine 50 mg/kg was administered intravenously to 10 patients just prior to the IHCP (cimetidine group), and the remaining 10 patients underwent the IHCP without cimetidine (control group). The background factors and IHCP treatments of these two groups were nearly the same. Although the antitumour efficacy of the IHCP was not histologically different between the two groups, the histological analysis revealed that the peritoneo-serosal surface in the cimetidine group was protected against scald injury, compared with the control group. This finding suggests that pre-IHCP cimetidine is of great benefit for protecting the peritoneo-serosal surface from scald injury due to IHCP.
Hyperthermic enhancement of tumour growth inhibition by accelerated carbon-ions in transplantable human esophageal cancer.
Ohnishi T. Takahashi A. Yano T. Matsumoto H. Wang X. Ohnishi K. Tamamoto T. Tsuji K. Furusawa Y. Yukawa O.
Department of Biology, Nara Medical University, Japan.
The study examined the effects of combination of hyperthermia (42 degrees C) and 290 MeV/u carbon-ion (C-) beams or 200 kVp X-rays on tumour regrowth delay of transplantable human esophageal cancer as an in vivo model for radiotherapy of cancer. The C-beams were more effective in the tumour growth inhibition than X-rays. The relative biological effectiveness (RBE) of C-beams against X-rays was 2.00. It was observed that the interactive hyperthermic (42 degrees C, for 30 min) enhancement of tumour regrowth delay by high-linear energy transfer (LET) C-beams was similar to that of combination of low-LET X-rays with hyperthermia. The thermal enhancement ratios (TER) were 6.10 and 5.57 for X-rays and C-beams, respectively. These results suggest that hyperthermic treatment is effective in radiotherapy not only by low-LET radiation but also by high-LET radiation such as C-beams. In conclusion, the depression of the tumour growth by the combined treatment of hyperthermia (42 degrees C) and the C-beams strongly suggests the available possible application of interdisciplinary cancer therapy for refractory tumours.