Primary ovarian rhabdomyosarcoma: a report of 13 cases.
Nielsen GP. Oliva E. Young RH. Rosenberg AE. Prat J. Scully RE.
James Homer Wright Pathology Laboratory, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston 02114, USA.
Primary ovarian rhabdomyosarcomas were found in 13 patients aged 7 to 79 (mean 37) years who had reported abdominal pain and swelling. Six tumors involved the right ovary, 3 involved the left, 1 involved both, and the laterality was unknown in 3 cases. Four tumors were stage I, 2 were stage II, 4 were stage III, and 2 were stage IV; the stage of 1 tumor is not known. The tumors ranged from 10 to 19.5 (average 16) cm in diameter and had solid sectioned surfaces that varied from yellow to white to pink and from gelatinous to hemorrhagic. Microscopically, 11 tumors were embryonal and 2 were alveolar rhabdomyosarcomas. Follow-up information, available for 11 patients, revealed that 7 died of disease 10 days to 26 months postoperatively; 2 of these patients had stage II disease, 3 had stage III, and 2 had stage IV. Four patients were alive 2 to 9 months postoperatively; 3 had stage I and 1 had stage III disease. These 13 tumors and an additional 10 from the English-language literature are reviewed and the differential diagnosis of ovarian rhabdomyosarcoma is discussed.
Leiomyomatosis peritonealis disseminata, endometriosis, and multicystic mesothelioma: an unusual association.
Zotalis G. Nayar R. Hicks DG.
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Strong Memorial Hospital, University of Rochester Medical Center, NY 14642, USA.
A 32-year-old, previously healthy woman with a diffuse, complex tumoral process is described. While she was being evaluated for primary infertility, a laparoscopic procedure revealed a disseminated peritoneal process associated with bilateral ovarian lesions. A clinical diagnosis of stage III ovarian cancer was made and total hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, and omentectomy were performed. Pathologic studies showed an admixture of leiomyomatosis peritonealis disseminata (LPD) endometriosis, and an extensive multicystic mesothelial proliferation. Although endometriosis is known to occur in conjunction with either LPD or multicystic mesothelioma, to our knowledge this is the first report of all three lesions occurring simultaneously.