Relation of mast cell, nerve and fibrosis in appendix.
Naik R. Pai MR. Bansal R. Pai R.
Department of Pathology, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore.
The relationship of mast cells, nerves and fibrosis was studied in 50 cases of Appendix using simple histochemical technique. In the mucosa, the mast cell number was greater in the early stages of fibrosis. Both in the mucosa and submucosa mast cells were found closely associated with neural tissue. As the fibrosis increased this association between mast cells and neural tissue was retained only in the submucosa.
A study on opportunistic enteric parasites in 80 HIV seropositive patients.
Talib SH. Singh J.
Department of Medicine, Government Medical College, Aurangabad, Maharashtra.
AIDS is characteristically associated with several opportunistic enteric protozoal infestations that cause chronic and at times fatal diarrhoeas. A study is undertaken to isolated opportunistic enteric parasites in 80 HIV seropositive patients. An attempt is made to correlate and signify the presence of coexistent oral candidosis and enteric pathogens.
Neonatal hepatitis--an autopsy study of 14 cases.
Shet TM. Kandalkar BM. Vora IM.
Department of Pathology, T.N. Medical College, Mumbai.
Fourteen autopsy cases of neonatal hepatitis have been studied. Of these seven cases were due to infections viz.: cytomegalovirus infection (four cases), probable cases of congenital syphilis (two cases) and neonatal herpes (one case). The remaining seven cases were of Idiopathic Neonatal Hepatitis (INH) with giant cell change in six cases. Even in these cases (INH) there was a high index of suspicion of intrauterine or acquired infection in view of severe mononuclear inflammation in the pancreas, alimentary tract and lungs. Most of these neonates with INH had low birth weight and two were preterm pointing towards a prenatal insult. The orcein stain and Periodic Acid Schiff (PAS) with diastase in all the cases were negative making hepatitis B virus infection and infinity 1 antitrypsin deficiency less likely. These autopsies represent the tip of the iceberg and only the severe cases of infection. The fatal outcome could have been prevented by maternal screening for infections and earlier clinical diagnosis.
Multiple primary visceral malignancy--a review with report of two cases.
Logani KB. Bajaj P. Mukherjee J. Gulati SM. Thomas S. Baliga BS. Khanna S.
Department of Pathology, Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi.
Multiple primary cancers are being reported with increasing frequency in recent years, the frequency varying from 0.3 to 4.3% in different studies. A combination of primary cancer of larynx and lung is the most common followed by malignant neoplasm involving lip-larynx, skin-larynx, skin-lung, breast-ovary and breast-endometrium. Two interesting cases of rare combinations of primary cancers are being presented. In the first case primary adenocarcinoma of the gall bladder was associated with appendiceal adenocarcinoma. In the second case primary malignant papillary serous cystadenocarcinoma of right ovary and squamous cell carcinoma of cervix uteri were found.
Neurofibromatosis of the colon: an unusual manifestation of von Recklinghausens diseases--a case report.
Jacob S. Prabhakar BR. Singh SK. Mammen KJ.
Department of Pathology, Christian Medical College & Hospital, Ludhiana.
Multiple neurofibromas arising in nerves are well established features of von Recklinghausen's disease. However, significant involvement of the gastrointestinal tract, especially the colon, is a rare entity. We hereby report a case of colonic neurofibromatosis.