Plasmablastic lymphoma of the stomach. A case report.
Pruneri G. Graziadei G. Ermellino L. Baldini L. Neri A. Buffa R.
II Servizio di Anatomia Patologica, Istituto di Scienze Mediche, IRCCS Ospedale Maggiore di Milan, Italy.
We report the case of a 53 year-old woman with a gastric tumor showing morphological, phenotypical and molecular features of a plasmablastic lymphoma, a recently recognized subtype of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. The tumor was composed of plasmablast-like cells, lacked CD45 and B-cell associated antigens, expressed the plasma cell-associated antigen CD38, and showed clonally rearranged IgH genes in the absence of bcl-2 and bcl-6 genes rearrangement.
Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura associated with Crohns disease.
Baudard M. Molina T. Benfiguig K. Bethoux JP. Zittoun R.
Besides cytopenia related to treatment, several hematological disorders such as anemia, abnormal platelet activity, thrombosis, presence of anticardiolipin or anti-neutrophil antibodies, cyclic neutropenia, and myelodysplasia, have been reported in patients with Crohn's disease (CD). The case we report here is the first one documenting the association of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) with CD.
Study of serum alanine-aminotransferase levels in blood donors in Spain.
Lozano M. Cid J. Bedini JL. Mazzara R. Gimenez N. Mas E. Ballesta A. Ordinas A.
Department of Hemotherapy and Hemostasis, Hospital Clinic i Provincial, University of Barcelona, Spain. firstname.lastname@example.org
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Serum alanine-aminotransferase (ALT) is being used as a surrogate test for preventing post-transfusion viral hepatitis. However, ALT elevation is influenced by many factors. We have studied ALT levels in 1,036 consecutive blood donors to determine their association with gender, obesity, and hepatitis virus infection markers. DESIGN AND METHODS: In each donation aspartate-aminotransferase (AST), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and gamma-glutamyl transferase (gamma GT) activity were also determined and body mass index (BMI) was calculated. RESULTS: Five hundred seventy-nine men and 457 women donated blood; ALT activity was 25.3 +/- 14.5 IU/L (mean +/- SD) for men and 16.3 +/- 7.9 IU/L for women (p < or = 0.0005). The upper normal value for men was 56 IU/L and 34 IU/L for women. On applying this value to the study group 4.8% of the men and 2% of the women had values greater than the cutoff. Among the men with increased ALT levels, 53.5% had a BMI > 27, 7.1% also had an increased level of GGT and 7.1% had increased levels of AST and LDH. None of them were HBsAg nor anti-HCV positive. Among the women with increased ALT, 33.3% had BMI > 27, 33.3% had increased levels of LDH and AST, and 11.1% were anti-HCV positive (only 1 donor). INTERPRETATION AND CONCLUSIONS: It seems clear that different cutoff values should be considered for men and women. Factors such as obesity, may account for more than 50% of the cases with increased ALT values, indicating the low specificity of the test.