An update on transfusion-transmitted viruses.
Transfusion Medicine, Children's Hospital, Washington, DC 20010, USA.
Advances in blood donor screening have advanced the concept that a zero-risk blood supply may be possible in the future. Although the application of a large number of serologic tests and more stringent donor questioning has certainly aided our ability to screen out donors, risks still remain. In this article, the literature on some transfusion transmitted diseases is reviewed.
Engum SA. Grosfeld JL.
James Whitcomb Riley Hospital for Children, Indiana University, Indianapolis 46202-5200, USA.
Necrotizing enterocolitis is a relatively common disorder of unknown etiology that primarily affects premature newborns. The majority of babies with necrotizing enterocolitis respond to nonsurgical management, and, despite an increase in the number of premature infants, the surgical mortality rate has improved. This review provides an overview of the current literature covering new developments in etiology, risk factors, pathogenesis, diagnosis, therapy, outcome, and preventable measures related to necrotizing enterocolitis.