Hepatic veno-occlusive disease in pediatric stem cell recipients: successful treatment with continuous infusion of prostaglandin E1 and low-dose heparin.
Schlegel PG. Haber HP. Beck J. Krumpelmann S. Handgretinger R. Bader P. Bierings M. Niethammer D. Klingebiel T.
University Children's Hospital, Department of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, Tubingen, Germany.
Limited data exist on therapeutic options for established hepatic veno-occlusive disease (VOD) in pediatric patients after stem cell transplantation (SCT). In this report, we present data on the successful treatment of VOD in three children following allogeneic SCT and report the duplex ultrasound criteria for the confirmation of the diagnosis and for the evaluation of the treatment progress. All patients were
Endothelial dysfunction after bone marrow transplantation: increase of soluble thrombomodulin and PAI-1 in patients with multiple transplant-related complications.
Nurnberger W. Michelmann I. Burdach S. Gobel U.
Department of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, Heinrich Heine University Medical Center, Dusseldorf, Germany.
Multiple transplant-related complications (MTRC) represent a severe condition after bone marrow transplantation (BMT) and are supposed to reflect systemic endothelial damage. Soluble thrombomodulin (sTM) and plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 (PAI-1) were investigated as markers of endothelial dysfunction in 35 patients after autologous or allogeneic BMT and compared with the occurrence of the typical complications sepsis, veno-occlusive disease of the liver (VOD), graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), and capillary leakage syndrome (CLS). PAI-1 was assessed by an assay of functional activity and sTM by antigenic determination. In patients who had undergone allogeneic BMT and had no transplant-related complications (TRC), PAI-1 peaked on day +14 (20 +/- 5 units/ml), and sTM doubled in comparison to the starting range, to 60-80 ng/ml between days +14 and +49. In contrast, PAI-1 and sTM were unchanged following autologous BMT. PAI-1 was increased in sepsis, CLS, and VOD to 39-49 units/ml (p < 0.05, compared with patients without TRC), and in GVHD to 16-47 units/ml (not significant). Soluble TM increased to 63-309 ng/ml in patients with sepsis, VOD, or CLS (p < 0.05, compared with patients without TRC) and to 79-224 ng/ml in GVHD (not significant). The increase of sTM and PAI-1 was also positively correlated to the number of complications, so that in patients with three complications PAI-1 was increased 2.8-fold and sTM 3.5-fold over patients with no complications at all. We conclude that endothelial dysfunction is a feature of VOD, sepsis, CLS, and to lesser extent of GVHD and is worse in patients with multiple complications.
Low-grade MALT lymphoma involving multiple mucosal sites and bone marrow.
Graziadei G. Pruneri G. Carboni N. Luminari S. Targia ML. Neri A. Colombi M. Buffa R. Baldini L.
Department of Hematology, Centro G. Marcora, Italy.
Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphomas are indolent neoplasms which tend to remain localized for a long time before spreading. We describe here the case of a 36-year-old woman with a low-grade MALT lymphoma involving the lung, stomach, lingual tonsil, and bone marrow at the time of diagnosis. The clonal origin of the pulmonary and bone marrow neoplastic infiltrates was assessed by means of gene rearrangement analysis. All of the involved sites were infiltrated by centrocyte- and monocytoid-like cells expressing the B-cell-associated antigens CD19 and CD20 and showed IgM lambda chain restriction; no CD5, CD10, or CD43 expression was detectable. As the patient had a history of recurrent bronchitis, and computed tomography performed 3 years before the lymphoma diagnosis had already revealed a lesion of the left lung, we conclude that the present case probably represents a pulmonary low-grade MALT lymphoma characterized by an early and unusual involvement of different mucosal sites and bone marrow.