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Liang R. Chan WP. Kwong YL. Chan AC. Xu WS. Srivastava G.
Department of Medicine, University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary Hospital, People's Republic of China.
BCL-6 gene rearrangement and hypermutations were investigated in four Hong Kong Chinese patients with low-grade gastric lymphoma of the mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALToma). The former was studied by Southern analysis and the latter by the technique of polymerase chain reaction and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis. BCL-6 gene rearrangement was not detectable in any of the four cases. However, mutations at both the E1.11 and E1.12 segments of the 5' noncoding region of the BCL-6 gene were found in two patients. This preliminary observation suggests that the mutations of the 5' noncoding region of the BCL-6 gene rather than gene rearrangement may be playing a more important role in the tumorigenesis of low-grade gastric MALToma. Further confirmation of this finding by studying a larger number of patients will be required.