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Sueoka N. Inokuchi K. Nishigaki H. Futaki M. Inokuchi M. Sugisaki Y. Dan K. Wakabayashi I.
Department of Internal Medicine, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, Japan.
T-cell malignant lymphoma of the gastrointestinal tract is rare. The genotype of gastric T-cell lymphoma remains unclear. The aim of this study was to elucidate the pathogenesis of a case of primary gastric T-cell lymphoma by using cytogenetics and molecular biology. Gastric biopsy specimens and lymphoma cells in the ascites were examined by immunocytology, cytogenetic analysis, and Southern blot analysis. The histological diagnosis of the gastric lymphoma was diffuse large cell type. T-cell markers were positive in immunocytochemistry of the gastric lymphoma cells and in FACS analysis of lymphoma cells in the ascites. All lymphoma cells in the ascites had complex abnormal karyotypes containing t(8;14)(q24;q32). Southern blot analysis revealed rearrangement of the IgH and C-MYC genes of the lymphoma cells in both the stomach and the ascites, but no comigration of the C-MYC with the JH locus could be detected. The TCR-beta and -gamma genes were in their germ-line configurations. In this patient, although the phenotype was T-cell lymphoma, the karyotype t(8;14)(q24;q32) and genotype had the characteristics of B-cell lymphoma. The unique B-cell genotype configuration and the C-MYC activation suggested that the cellular origin of this rare case of malignant lymphoma with a T-cell phenotype was quite immature lymphocytes.