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Knowles MR. Noone PG. Hohneker K. Johnson LG. Boucher RC. Efthimiou J. Crawford C. Brown R. Schwartzbach C. Pearlman R.
Cystic Fibrosis Centre, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 27599, USA.
GTAB1001: A Double-Blind, Placebo Controlled, Dose Ranging Study to Evaluate the Safety and Biological Efficacy of the Lipid-DNA Complex GR213487B in the Nasal Epithelium of Adult Patients with Cystic Fibrosis. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of various dosages of the lipid-DNA complex GR213487B (0.4375mg and either 4.0mg or 0.0625mg) for producing CFTR gene transfer and correcting the chloride ion transport defect in the nasal epithelium of patients with cystic fibrosis. To assess the safety and tolerability of the lipid-DNA complex GR213487B when applied to the nasal epithelium of patients with cystic fibrosis. DESIGN: Single-center, double-blind, placebo controlled, dose ranging study. DURATION: Pre-treatment evaluations will be performed during two outpatient study visits (ie. between Day -7 to -3 and at Day -2). Patients will be admitted to the Clinical Research Unit (CRU) at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill on Day -1 for additional pre-treatment evaluations performed the day prior to administration of double-blind treatment (ie. gene transfer) on Treatment Day 0. Patients will remain in the CRU for 7 days (Day -1 to Day 6) and will be discharged on Day 6. Patients will subsequently be followed on an outpatient basis but will return for another assessment between Days 9-11, and may also return to the CRU for two optional study visits on Days 14 and 21. All patients will return to the CRU on an out-patient basis for follow-up evaluations on Day 28 +/- 3. SETTING: Patients will receive in-patient treatment in the CRU at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and will remain in the CRU for 7 days. PATIENTS: A target enrollment of 12 evaluable patients is planned. STUDY TREATMENTS: Patients who meet all entry criteria will complete pre-treatment assessments, which will take place between Day -7 to Day -1, and will serve as a baseline for specific evaluations and to ensure clinical stability. Patients will return on Day -1 for admission to the CRU the day prior to gene transfer. Each nostril of the patients will be randomly assigned in a double blind manner to receive either GR213487B liquid nasal spray or the lipid alone (ie. control administered as liposome), by topical application directed at the inferior turbinate. The first four patients will receive an initial dosage of GR213487B containing 0.4375 mg of DNA. The decision to proceed to administer a higher dose (ie. 4.0mg DNA) or a lower dose (ie. 0.0625mg DNA) in the subsequent eight patients will be determined by the Principal Investigator in association with an FDA officer serving as an independent Clinical Ombudsman, according to the study plan (see Section 5.5 and Appendix 3-Dosing Flow Chart). MEASUREMENTS: Efficacy Evaluations The primary variables to determine the efficacy of transgene expression will be: * Evidence of vector derived CFTR (cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator) mRNA, as measured by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in nasal epithelial cells obtained from nasal scrapes on Day 3 and, nasal biopsies on Day 5, if sufficient tissue is available. * Correction of chloride ion transport across the nasal epithelium as measured by the transepithelial electrical potential difference (TEPD). The baseline TEPD will initially be measured, and again subsequently following perfusion of: --zero chloride perfusion containing amiloride (to induce chloride secretion) --zero chloride perfusion containing amiloride and isoproterenol (to increase cAMP-mediated chloride secretion) Secondary measures to determine the efficacy of gene transfer will be: * Evidence of delivery of plasmid DNA in the nasal lavage (Day 1-5, Day 9-11 and Day 28) * Evidence of vector derived CFTR mRNA from nasal scrapes performed after the nasal biopsy (ie. Day 9-11 and/or Day 28) * Percentage of cells from nasal biopsies expressing vector derived CFTR mRNA as measured by in situ hybridization * Evidence of vector derived CFTR